Residents and conservationists have criticised a decision by the Kenya Forest Service (KFS) to clear more than 1,500 acres of indigenous trees at Menengai forest to accommodate farmers.
The forest has since 1930 been considered a buffer zone between Lake Nakuru National Park and a rapidly expanding Nakuru town.
It is fronted by Milimani Estate in the South, Ngachura and Bahati in the East, Solai in the North and Olo-Rongai in the West.
The Standard has established that some 1,526 acres of indigenous trees are being cleared to pave way for exotic bluegums to be cultivated under the Plantation Establishment and Livelihood Improvement Scheme (PELIS), formerly known as the Shamba system.
The KFS has defended the decision.
“The challenge with Menengai forest is illegal logging and forest fires. The shrubs and a few indigenous tree species are susceptible to forest fires and we are replacing them with bluegum. The area is under PELIS,” said Erastus Mugo, the forest station manager.
A number of residents and conservationists are, however, worried that the scheme will strip off Menengai hills of natural forest cover.
Menengai is a major tourist attraction, being home to the world-renown Menengai crater and a Sh60 billion geothermal plant.
Conservationists say clearing huge swathes of the natural forest would be an environmental disaster.
According to Miheso Musindi, secretary of Milimani Residents Association, the loose soils of Menengai make the area susceptible to landslides and fault lines and replacing the natural forest with exotic trees will expose neighbouring estates to danger and Lake Nakuru to siltation.
However, KFS says the targeted area forms an insignificant part of the 14,864-acre forest.
“The forest is zoned, with the natural forest covering 5,400 hectares (13,338 acres) and an exotic forest covering 618 ha (1,526 acres),” said Mugo.
He said protecting the natural forest from fires and loggers was challenging, especially with inadequate staff.“We have 12 officers tasked to take care of 13,338 acres,” he said.
According to the KFS officer, bluegums would be easier to manage (resistant to fire outbreaks) and more profitable.
However, farmers set to benefit from the forest’s clearing supported the KFS plan.
A 2018 report on the status of forests in Kenya revealed that PELIS was the most abused scheme in the sector and that it contributed to the declining indigenous forest cover in the country.
In the PELIS scheme, KFS allows communities living next to forests to cultivate crops while taking care of young trees.
However, the 2018 task force indicated that the scheme led to the illegal conversion of indigenous forest land into plantations.